Spread Axle Benchmark – A standard by which others may be measured. A mechanical device designed to be mounted on a refrigerated trailer or shipping container for the purpose of cooling the cargo area. Log book Bill of Lading Legally acceptable definitions of these activities would be longer, more complex, and supported by the results of many administrative proceedings, court decisions and judicial opinions. The electrical line supplying electric power from the tractor to the trailer, coiled like a pig's tail. Full Trailer A company that provides truck transportation of cargo belonging to others and is paid for doing so. DAC Services Converter Dolly Any transportation of hazardous A for-hire carrier may be both a common and a contract carrier. For-hire carrier – A trucking company that transports freight for others. Low Boy These are purported to be the most accurate, and they guarantee A truck driver who's in business for himself; and owns and operates his own truck/s, trailer/s, and/or equipment; an independent Provides bodily injury and property damage protection to other people/not to insured or insured employees. Roper Technologies is a diversified technology company and constituent of the S&P 500, Fortune 1000, and Russell 1000. The lights on top of the front and rear of the trailer; often referred to as the marker lights. (Also see “spot market rate.”). Truck O,S,& D Department A pre-employment screening service many trucking companies use to help them select drivers. Driving a tractor-trailer without cargo, or without paying load. The company's policy regarding allowing passengers in the truck with the driver. Accessorial – An additional service requested for a freight shipment. Shipper – The sender (such as a manufacturer, grower, retailer or distributor) who hires a carrier to transport goods. Capacity – In the trucking industry, this buzzword refers to the availability of trucks that can be hired to haul freight. TL Carrier–Trucking company which dedicates trailers to a single shipper’s cargo, as opposed to an LTL (Less Than Truckload) carrier which transports the consolidated cargo of several shippers and makes multiple deliveries. It also serves as a contract of shipment, and a receipt for the goods. ABS (Anti-lock braking system) You will find definitions for everything from accessorial service and arbitrary to warehousing and way freight. Roper Technologies – The parent company of DAT Solutions. Drop and Hook MyDAT operates on iPhone and Android smartphones. Sometimes referred to as a “property broker.”. A brake which is operated by air. Public Scales contractor. This Federal agency regulates interstate trucking in the United States. Expedite freight – Time-sensitive freight that must be delivered at a pre-set delivery time. An on-board device that records information about the movement of a truck, including speed and time in service, as well as the driver's hours of service and duty status. Intermodal – Freight that requires more than one mode of transportation for the same shipment. Peddle Run A company that provides truck transportation. A company that arranges for the truck transportation of cargo belonging to others, utilizing for-hire carriers to provide Reefer – A refrigerated trailer used to move freight that requires a temperature-controlled environment. You only do this when you're stopped, and An engine retarder commonly Express – DAT Express™ is a load board operated by DAT Solutions. MembersEdge – A load board operated by DAT Solutions. Methods of transportation include trucking, railroads, airlines, and sea borne shipping. The assembly of two axles and suspension that is attached to the chassis in one place and cannot be moved back and forth. Any combination of a truck tractor and two or more trailers or semi-trailers which operate on the Interstate System at a This device is controlled from A coupling device used in double and triple trailer, and truck-trailer combinations. TL Carrier A sign showing the type of hazardous materials loaded on the vehicle, placed on all four sides of a trailer. Cube the actual truck transportation. Space Cushion Pallets the weight reading to be accurate, or else they'll go to court for you and pay the fine. Container A device which limits the maximum speed of a vehicle. The driver then turns the truck over to another driver to continue the trip. Bobtail: A tractor-trailer with no trailer. valve. tows a trailer. Backhaul – The return trip, which usually pays a lower rate than the headhaul. An intermediary between a freight shipper and a carrier who can transport their freight. The center of the fifth wheel hooks to the trailer's kingpin, at which point the trailer and tractor or dolly pivots. A truck designed primarily to pull a semi-trailer by the use of the fifth wheel which is mounted over its drive axle/s. Container Chassis Headhaul – The higher paying segment of a round trip. Air Tank which used steel springs. Jackknife The total price is calculated as follows: Rate per mile (including fuel surcharge) x number of miles = total price. As of December 2017, ELDs are required on all trucks (with some exceptions), replacing paper logs kept by drivers. There are two types which is towed by the tractor. expenses, and limit accidents. Equipment which starts and shuts down the truck to keep the truck a certain temperature inside, while reducing idling time. Common Freight Term Glossary and Explanations There are so many freight-related terms that sometimes even the pros are left scratching their heads. Blind Spot Glossary of Freight Terms. The linehaul rate may be quoted per mile or per trip. Extra freight which shouldn't have been shipped. Full-Truckload, also known as Truckload (TL), typically signifies that there is enough freight to fill a trailer. TriHaul™ – A three-legged route that pays better or offers better use of the truck and the driver's hours, compared to a straight roundtrip between point A and point B. DAT load boards automatically suggest TriHaul routes. GAWR (Gross Axle Weight Rating) This assembly is equipped with Motor carriers usually use set mileage amounts for distances between cities. For example, the route from Chicago to Dallas is a lane, and Dallas to Chicago is a distinct lane. Transportation professionals have their own language, and if you're new to the industry, you may feel a little lost. Comdata The customer who accepts your delivery/shipment; Also known as the consignee. Common Carrier: A trucking company that will haul freight to anyone. there's no waiting, sometimes for hours, for your trailer to get unloaded or loaded. transports the combined cargo of several different shippers. lanes. Most drivers prefer this because The cargo you're hauling. Drop and hook – When a driver leaves a trailer at a loading dock and hooks up to a different trailer for the return trip. Containers Consignee Hot shot – Expedited freight normally limited to a gross weight of 36,000 pounds. Extra driver pay for time spent waiting at a customer facility. the morning. A vehicle that runs on something other than gas or diesel. Georgia Overdrive MVR Report No Touch FMCSA – Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, an agency within the U.S. Department of Transportation that enforces commercial motor vehicle safety regulations. A satellite tracking device and communication tool that can also be used to monitor speed, braking, idling, and other barometers. Owner-Operator The most common type of van is 53 feet long. A CDL is required to drive a truck or bus weighing over 26,000 pounds gross vehicle weight. A thick, metal pin located underneath the front of the trailer. The term used for the situation in which loaded highway trailers are loaded onto railcars, and taken to railheads. materials is regulated by the United States Department of Transportation. The most common type of scales at truck stops are CAT scales. endorsement on his CDL, plus special training. Hazardous materials, as classified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Also referred to as a linehaul. TCA – Truckload Carriers Association, a national association for truckload carriers, based in Alexandria, Virginia. Layovers Factoring – In the trucking industry, factoring is when a carrier receives payment from a third-party financial company before delivering a load and waiting for payment, thereby improving cash flow. If you work for can be moved quickly. Trucking Insurance Terms and Definitions. Details of maintaining your logbook are covered in a different section. back, and securing the load (cargo). jaws of the fifth wheel of the tractor or dolly, thereby attaching the tractor/dolly to the trailer. Power – DAT Power is DAT’s most comprehensive load board, used by medium- to large-sized brokers and carriers. To ensure you are always in the know — the Approved ‘Ohana wants to help.. Hours of Service (HOS) – The number of hours an interstate truck driver can legally drive, as regulated by the U.S. Department of Transportation. Piggyback Landing Gear An unrefrigerated, freight trailer. Clutch Brake Grade and often fast food restaurants. Also known as the trolley Fixed Tandem Freight that's not refrigerated. A plastic or metal band (once it's broken, it cannot be reconnected) placed on the trailer door latch. The vehicles used to move the trailers are designed so that the driver just walks behind the driver's seat to hook up the Lift Axle Bobtail – Tractor operating without a trailer. Can also refer to the truck hauling the freight, which can be as small as a one-ton pickup hauling a flatbed trailer. from available 'overbooked' loads. When you need a cash advance, you tell your dispatcher how much money you need, and he gives you Intermediary – In trucking, this term usually refers to a freight broker or third-party logistics (3PL) company that manages transportation on behalf of a shipper. SHIPPING DEFINITIONS Freight Terms identify the party responsible for the payment of freight and are usually expressed as: prepaid or collect with the following nuances: prepaid to a stated location and collect beyond or third party or pre-pay and add. Highly recommended if you plan on dropping the trailer in an unsecured location, which includes truck stops. Empty Call Also see “LTL” or less-than-truckload shipment. Trucking Industry Terminology. that the trailer doors have not been opened, and the cargo is untouched. Trip Leasing The compressed air is supplied by the air compressor and reservoir tanks which provide air for A locking device which is placed around/over the kingpin, which prevents a fifth wheel from connecting to it, and taking GCW (Gross Combination Weight) The same as product, commodity, load, etc. This eliminates the need for the driver to wait for "live" loading or unloading. Semi-trailer of a driver's efficiency. The air brake system on tractors consists of air lines, valves, tanks, and an air compressor. Steer Axle: the front axle of the tractor. What I mean is that typically, these words, terms, or phrases have a specific meaning to the folks that work in that industry. TIA – Transportation Intermediaries Association, an industry association for freight brokers and third-party logistics professionals (3PLs), based in Alexandria, Virginia. need to get the truck into gear. LTL – Less Than Truckload. to verify that the check is good. The company that issues Comchecks and Comcard. The coupling device attached to a tractor or dolly which supports the front of the semitrailer and locks it to the tractor A common term for what a driver does when he has to unload the trailer by himself. Common trailer types include vans, flatbeds and refrigerated units (reefers). Rate Per Mile (RPM) – The most common form of pricing used in the spot market. An intact seal ensures Most common on tractors pulling flatbed trailers. A situation in which the driver doesn't have to load or unload (no touching, or fingerprinting, the load) the cargo. each 24-hour period. Freight Lane Qualcomm (now Omnitracs) Detention 6% at 60 mph can maintain 60 mph on a 6% grade. An AOBRD is a hardware device that connects to the vehicle's electronic control module and captures information about the movement of the truck. GVW (Gross Vehicle Weight) Air Spring System When you shift gears without using the clutch. Interstate trucking – Describes trucking operations that transport goods across state lines. Copyright © 2020 DAT Solutions, LLC. Broker: A person with industry experience who negotiates shipping arrangements and rates for an owner-operator or fleet. See "Interaxle Differential". Power Divider A reservoir for storing air for use in the air brake system. Pup Trailer The areas around a tractor-trailer which are not visible to the driver through the windows or mirrors. expenses, lumpers, etc. Omnitracs, formerly Qualcomm MyDAT® Trucker – DAT’s mobile app for drivers. A trucking company which usually dedicates trailers to a single shippers cargo, as opposed to an LTL carrier, which often weigh station. Tag Axles: unpowered, go behind drive axles. This is a reference number the truck stop (or wherever you're getting the cash advance) uses … The following is a list of widely used terms which will help you with deciphering bills, articles, comments, and communications made by transportation professionals and the mainstream media in reference to everything transportation. Kingpin Van – The most common trailer type, a van is an enclosed rectangular box that holds freight. The carrier must sign the broker’s agreements, supply insurance agent details, W8/W9 information, etc. Jackrabbit Start By clicking subscribe I acknowledge that I want to receive emails from DAT. A significant change of elevation; either an upgrade, or downgrade, the steepness of which is determined as a percentage. EOBR – Electronic On Board Recorder. Freight broker – A person who arranges transportation and functions as an intermediary between a shipper and a carrier. Transportation Terminology Glossary of Terms The government uses the commercial invoice to determine the true value of goods for assessing custom duties and prepare documentation. Most accessorials require an additional payment that varies based on the service or carrier. airlines, and includes a hydraulic lift to lift up the trailer without having to crank up the landing gear, so that the trailers A. AFV – Alternative Fueled Vehicle. Axle Freight forwarder. In trucking when you hear someone refer to an intermodal job they're normally talking about hauling shipping containers to and from the shipyards and railyards. Since most trucks are paid by the mile only when they're loaded, deadhead often means moving the truck for no pay. PTO (Power Takeoff) TL (Truckload) The type of radio that's used by truckers to communicate with each other. over the set amount are considered "out of route" miles. Tri-axle Every industry or occupation seems to have its own unique "language." Drop Pay the actual truck transportation. An emergency escape ramp used on steep downgrades for trucks which have lost braking power. Trailer tandem axles: generally unpowered, sometimes split apart for distribution. I have read and accept the DAT Solutions privacy policy. That why we've put together this list words that are commonly used in the trucking industry. The Forwarder does assume responsibility for the cargo from origin to destination and usually Freight Collect: The freight and charges to be paid by the consignee. So, we’ve created a Glossary of common terms. The freight shipping industry is the industry that transports every sort of commodity; cargo, merchandise, equipment and material from one place to another, nationally and internationally. Companies often use DAT’s rates as a benchmark to compare with their own. Used by a great number of trucking companies who want to save on fuel Private Carrier Moving freight from one point to another. Also a deadhead. When the tires lose contact with the road due to excess water. Floating the Gears A satellite tracking device and communication tool that can also be used to monitor speed, braking, idling, and other barometers Casual laborers who load and unload trailers for a fee. Dispatch. Interaxle Differential and maximize the overall production of the truck. Calling by telephone, or using the Qualcomm system to check in with your company/dispatcher, usually once a day, early in Load-to-truck-ratio – The number of trucks available for hire in a specific location versus the number of available loads at that location. retarders, transmission-mounted hydraulic retarders, and axle mounted electromagnetic retarders. ELD – Electronic Logging Device. Intermodal – Freight that requires more than one mode of transportation for the same shipment. Rider Policy A refrigerated trailer, where the temperature is controlled by a refrigeration unit (the reefer unit). Fifth Wheel A monitoring and recording device which is placed inside of a temperature controlled trailer. A semi- trailer built with reinforcements to withstand transport by a railroad flatcar. does take possession of the cargo at some point during the transportation. IFTA – International Fuel Tax Agreement. are transported on public roads on a container chassis trailer pulled by a tractor. Less-Than-Container-Loadindicates that multiple shipments are combined into one container. The area between the vehicle and other vehicles on the road. customer's facility), and then hooking up to, and leaving with, another loaded trailer. In LTL shipments, a driver only takes a load a portion of the way, usually for the duration of one shift (eight to 10 hours). There are many different types of retarders; including engine The device used to assist brakes in order to slow a vehicle. Dock Lock The axle can be raised or lowered by an air spring suspension system. Balloon Freight A specialized set of jargon describe the tools, equipment, and employment sectors used in the trucking industry in the United States. Day Cab TERMS & DEFINITIONS . refer to the reefer unit or the entire reefer trailer. Bulk Freight Shippers often hire freight brokers to find carriers to transport their goods. Lane – A particular route, defined as an origin and destination pair. 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