Participant Observation Advantages and Disadvantages. Gaining access, especially to closed groups, is much easier because the researcher does not have to seek permission. Very limited or no evaluation. It can be challenging to duplicate the results of participant observation work. Getting in - To do the study we must first gain entry to the group. If someone begins to sympathize with the perspectives or attitudes of the studies group, then the information is no longer reliable. The observation method is described as a method to observe and describe the behavior of a subject. Also, in this type of observation … Advantages and disadvantages of participant observation. The information gathered by participant observation as a predictive quality. That means the interaction between the participant and the researchers is a critical component to the success of this work. Advantages of Observation: (1) Simplest Method: Observation is probably the most common and the simplest method of data collection. It also provides the advantage of disproving specific ideas because of the direct observations that create data. The best price. This is especially useful, now that Research Methods is integrated into the Paper 1 & 2 and I like that you mention Paul Willis which is exactly what I was looking for, also for the Specification, Thank You!! There are different types of observational research so I’ve assumed you mean participant observation. However, covert participant observation has more disadvantages than advantages. This approach comes with a severe risk of getting involved in the social dynamics of those individuals, which means the collected information has a … The Advantages and Disadvantages of Participant Observation as a Research Method This essay will examine how participant observation is used as a research method. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. There are several … Disadvantages of covert participant observation Imagine a journalist trying to conduct an interview about magnetic fields when their experience involves sports reporting. 1. A participant observation study has the most success when researchers have a high level of familiarity with the population group and the theory under consideration. Participant Observation Overt Advantages Practical: researcher can behave normal/ easy to record notes/ researcher is outsider doesn't need any special knowledge if (taking part)- can go in closed minded / can ask naive but important questions/ can ask questions openly/ risk of Hawthorne effect/ access may be difficult/ flexibility By acting as a member can get insight into their meanings, veiw points, values and problems - gives authentic data, Flexibility - more flexible and allows for an open mind. Any form of qualitative research, including participant observation, collects data passed on individual perspectives, reactions, and responses. 7. High ecological validity if observation is covert. Although a highly structured study in a specific population group could receive independent verification, the boundaries one would need to create for such a result would turn the work more toward quantitative research instead. In this method, the researcherrecords down all the events that he has observed in the field. Only then can he use the observation method to record and take notes. It provides factual data instead of forcing people to make assumptions about the behaviors or decisions that people make. 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