Jinnah became the first head of the new state. fa and fsc notes for kpk. The Indian Independence Act 1947 provided the formation of two boundary commissions for the division of the provinces of Punjab and Bengal between India and Pakistan. Download Initial Problems of Pakistan Comments. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. By 15th August most of these states announced their accession to either India or Pakistan except Kashmir, Hyderabad and Junagadh. Reason. He was revered as the father of the nation. It wouldn’t be an exaggeration to claim our youth to be the voice of Pakistan. Pakistan also didn’t receive the due share of the military assets. Accession Of Princely states Nearly seventeen million people-Hindus, Muslims, and Sikhs-are reported to have moved in both directions between India and the two wings of Pakistan (the eastern wing is now Bangladesh). India attacked Hyderabad on 13th September 1948 and forcibly annexed this state to india. 750 million but the Indian govt. Both India and Pakistan were agreed to accept the decision of Redcliff incase of deadlock. Even more serious fact was that offices and factories could not work properly because nearly all the Hindu and Sikh staff left Pakistan and majority of the refugees that arrived in Pakistan were peasant and unskilled and they were inexperience for the jobs that were waiting for them. Death of Quaid-e-Azam, Despite of all the problems, Pakistan continued to march under the dynamic leadership of Quaid-e-Azam. The arrival of refugees created problem for both the countries but the issue was more serious in the nascent state of Pakistan that was already facing no of problems. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees’ problems and distribution of armed and military assets. The treaty was signed between Ayub Khan the president of Pakistan and Nehru the Indian Prime Minister on September 19, 1962. Pakistan was mainly made up of five different groups: 1. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. N���>�����YU�a����E��� 2�2z��] �$��7Sj0�@_a�l!�j�$? Quaid-e-Azam died on 11th September 1948. Approximately 5 million Muslims migrated from India to Pakistan. According to that agreement India was allocated the use of two Eastern Rivers namely Ravi and Sutlej whereas three western Rivers Indus, Jehlum and Chenab were given to Pakistan. Essay, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. This dishonest attitude put Pakistan into great difficulties. At the time of partition there were 462 princely states in subcontinent that cover 1/3 of Indian Territory and 1/4 of its population. However these states were advised to consider geographical location and religious trends of their respective states before accession to the either country. Submit Close. 3. • The first problem … When Pakistan became a country on August 14th, 1947, to form the largest Muslim state in the world at that time. In 1947, some of them, particularly the Balochs and the Bengalis, were sure they now wanted to transfer allegiance to a new P… Karachi was chosen as the capital of Pakistan. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees’ problems and distribution of armed and military assets. ���.��'�8���'� �hl�@��5�R�L8�n45\+����7]��jWJk�̢n��d,�Y X_�W���ǀn�n�.�� 4����VK�JoH��ccI��j�����9�+(�/�L�]����`� L���N��#�^�����EՑ�b�[g�����oGH8�/>�T+- ����E)l�:�&����-1��K�U>��(���+�KH ����5�R�}�YY"�,�E�v���F]U�:'��v�PR�ʉ�����hv =E������K�-N�"�A�s���UD'���@��q��shN��P\�̽��s�ð�Fm;ٶ�B�jҶ�max?��,��G5�ڱ������LDM��G��4��y�l�ʳF�瓅�Y��SԜEyEXZ^Zƭ�a ��6��ںݙ��UEb�� ^P�PV����k#����^�=Xc 7�'�~.�����L��4��%�k�te�3� �tP٨ A�J� �‘h��s �q�_A�����ݘ���q������UO�E_3�:c>�8p�y�ah���b�^]�F�"�.�@uM#)�r0?� ��ف��Vb"�,Tߤ�R�%ܩ March 1972. Your name. Initial Problems of Pakistan.pdf What students are saying As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, … Kashmir. The award was partial, unjust and unfair to Pakistan as cliff handed over number of Muslim majority areas which were contiguous to the boundary of. Redcliff award, allotted sixty-two percent of the area of undivided Punjab to India, with fifty-five percent of the population. After the death of Quaid-e-Azam though there were great leaders too, but unfortunately none of them was of the caliber of Quaid-e-Azam. Most of the problems of Pakistan were related withPakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. What are Pakistan's initial problems? Chapter 2 Initial Problems of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Study notes for class 12. 16. Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, https://graduateway.com/initial-problems-of-pakistan/, Get your custom Soon after its establishmentPakistan faced number of problems. Initial problem of pakistan 1. First Tripartite Accord between the Pakistan Peoples Party and the coalition of National Awami Party and Jamiat-ul-Ulema Pakistan. Pakistan, populous and multiethnic country of South Asia. From india, Justice maherchad mahajan and justice tej singh. Pakistan received only 200 million Rupees. Faced with the serious problems of a young country, he tackled Pakistan’s problems with authority. Pakistan to India but none out the Hindu majority areas to Pakistan; Award also paved the way for the disputes between India and Pakistan over Kashmir and Canal Water. your own paper. Redcliff Award Handed over Some of the Muslim Majority Areas that were Contiguous to the Boundary of Pakistan to India: These areas included. Biswas. Last Name. Political Problems of Pakistan and their solutions are listed here. On 23 February 1948, the Government of Pakistan ordained Urdu as the sole national language, sparking extensive protests among the Bengali-speaking majority of East Pakistan. Having a predominately Indo-Iranian speaking population, Pakistan has historically and culturally been associated with its neighbours Iran, Afghanistan, and India. 2. • Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Sir Cyril Redcliff was appointed as the chairman of both the boundary commissions. April 1973 Report "Initial Problems of Pakistan" Please fill this form, we will try to respond as soon as possible. Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. Pakistan came into being as a free Muslim state in quite unfavorable circumstances .It had no resources, it had no resources, it had to build up its administrative machinery from a scratch. The British system of government had given these diverse people a very little opportunity to participate in government. Stopping the flow of water by India caused heavy economic loss for Pakistan. It was estimated that only West Pakistani received 5.5 million refugees and one sixth of the entire population of West Pakistan consisted of refugees. The demographic shift caused initial bitterness between the two countries. Its ruler was maharaja hari singh. Sub-district of Ajnala in Amritsar district Sub-district of Nakadar and Jullundur in Jullundur district Rulers of these princely states were given option by the British government either to join India, Pakistan or remain independent. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols, Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 1947. � �}�rG��o#bޡ��1�o�M���K�$CP�e�CQ�. To overcome the shortage of water World Bank, India and other friendly countries provided Pakistan financial assistance to construct two dams, five barrages and seven link canals Division of military and financial assets, In order to embarrass Pakistan financially, india did a lot of dishonesty in the matters of Pakistan which were concerned with its benefits. Hindus were angry over the division of the Subcontinent whereas Sikhs were unhappy over the loss of their religious places. Quaid-e-Azam took the office of the Governor General, Liaquat Ali Khan was appointed as Prime Minister and a Cabinet of experienced persons was selected. Sub-district of Batala and Gurdaspur in Gurdaspur district Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Facing rising sectarian tensions and mass discontent with the new law, the government outlawed public meetings and rallies. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. Apart from communal violence another reason for the migration of Muslims was their desire to live in a newly established Islamic state. We are the generation responsible for shaping the future of this country and bringing a swift wave of innovation and change in Pakistan. Username * E-Mail * Password * Confirm Password * First Name. Initial problems of Pakistan Initial Problems of Pakistan Pakistan came into existence on 14th august 19 Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems.Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Pakistan faced number of problems. It came into existence with horrible loss of life and property, and the migration of millions of dazed and destitute men, women, and children. One of the major issues the country is facing is a shortage of water. Representatives of Bengal boundary Comission. As being an agricultural county where rainfall is scanty and agriculture is greatly depending on irrigation by canal and rivers. Need Answer this Question, it's very Helpful for Me and Many others! Nobody can deny that in the early year predominant leadership of Quaid-e-Azam was a source of strength for Pakistan. Some time even Pakistan forced to purchase water from India. Since Pakistan and India achieved independence in 1947, Pakistan … *ӊ����� �,m���a�ƅ�9�!Q�"�����MP��.�����)-�A����y Xb\5j�V ���ik� F��N �R�{-v���v&@�I�F��4���p��6����^�o����Q.�ǎF��� !#p�������%���(�&������"�wEB�sl�3pť����V��\[.PPD4J6�Z�ը���}��Z���$�u)A� According to research by the American University, Pakistan is among the top ten countries in … Post Independence Problems Pakistan was carved out in desperate urgency. The need for realizing the significance of Pakistan’s youth is increasing by the day. Analysis of the Boundary Award Karachi was chosen as … Description. Each boundary commission consisted of representatives from India and Pakistan. You can get your custom paper from The Pakhtuns in the north 2. the Balochs in the west 3. the Sindhis in the south 4. the Punjabis in the north-east 5. the Bengalis in the east These people had different traditions, cultures, languages, and lifestyles. 1.Choice of Capital and Establishment of Government 2. Records were left in India. Government of Pakistan built residential programs in which thousands of the refugees were provided with flats and residence. Soon after its establishment Pakistan faced number of problems. Hyderabad decan was the largest and richest state rule d by Muslim ruler Nizam who decided to remain independent. Sub-district of Ferozepur and Zira in Ferozepur district It had its origin in Redcliff Award which drew the boundary India and Pakistan in way that it cut across the rivers and canal making India the upper beneficiary and Pakistan the lower beneficiary, It also handed over the control over two important head works over river Ravi (Madhupure Head works) and Sutlej (Ferozpure Head works) to India. He was not regarded as merely the governor-general. What are Pakistan's initial problems? Most of the problems of Pakistan were related with Pakistan dispute with India, such as the accession of the princely states, canal Water dispute, refugees' problems and distribution of armed and military assets. Quaid-e-Azam as Governor-General chose Karachi. Email. 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