Becarria proposed the punishment should fit the crime. The Classical school of criminology is a body of thought about the reform of crime and the best methods of punishment by a group of European philosophers and scholars in the eighteenth century. However, if you have a person that fires a gun in order to protect themselves from a home invasion then this person should not get any jail time because this was an act of self defense, so unfortunately there will be gray areas in the law and each case has to be treated with its own merits. This way everyone knows what to expect and when they see criminals being punished, then they will not commit these crimes because they know that they will pay the same price. (Seiter, 2011) The classical school followed Beccaria’s ideology which focused on crime, not the criminal. According to the key principle of Classical Criminology, the purpose of punishment is to deter an offender from future criminal involvement Rational choice theories have been criticized for an overemphasis on individual choice The central demand of the classical school of criminolgy is the proportionality of the sanctions to its preceding crimes. @Abundancer -I agree with what you are saying, but the system that the United States currently has in place is probably as fair as you are going to get. The period of seventeenth and eighteenth century in Europe was dominated by the scholasticism of Saint Thomas Aquinas. The field of criminology basically began with the establishment of the Classical School. Cesare Beccaria offered a classical theory on criminality. In contrast to the classical school, which assumes that criminal acts are the product of free choice and rational calculation, the positivist sees the root causes of crime in factors outside the control of the offender. Classical and neoclassical schools of criminology differ in theory and approaches to the justice system. Hence, they have a human disposition to commit a crime. Criminals and suspected criminals were quartered, burnt at the stake, tortured, and subjected to … Hence, the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham and Cesare Beccaria remains a relevant social philosophy in policy term for using punishment as a deterrent through law enforcement, the courts, and imprisonment. The Age of reason. Cesare Beccaria and other members of the Classical school of criminology believed that criminal behavior could be minimized using the basics of human nature. As a believer of utilitarianism, he felt that people have to right to happiness and as a result should lead happy lives. As to the shortcomings of neo-classical school of criminology, it must be stated that the exponents of this theory believed that the criminal, whether responsible or irresponsible, is a menace to society and therefore, needs to be eliminated from it. Classical criminology usually refers to the work of 18th-century philosophers of legal reform, such as Beccaria and Bentham, but its influence extends into contemporary works on crime and economics and on deterrence, as well as into the rational choice perspective. The classical school of criminology is foundationally based upon the history of crime and punishment. So I don’t think that any system in the history of criminology including the criminal justice system of the United States is without flaws but I feel it is the best system that we have. Out of this idea arises our common understanding of Deterrence and the idea that it is better to let a guilty man go free than to punish an innocent man. It is the ‘act’ of an individual and not his ‘intent’ which forms the basis for determining criminality within him. In the 18th cent u ry, Beccaria founded the classical school of criminology. Classical criminology is an approach to the legal system that arose during the Enlightenment in the 1700s (18th century). You can have several people on trial for the same thing and they can all get different punishments. The classical theory in criminal justice suggests an individual who breaks the law does so with rational free will, understanding the effects of their actions. Classical SchoolClassical theory in criminology has its roots in the theories of the 18th century Italian nobleman and economist, Cesare Beccaria and the English philosopher, Jeremy Bentham (Hollin, 2004, 2). The first school of criminology known as the classical theory of criminology was founded by Cesare Beccaria. The Classical School By Beccaria Criminology Essay. 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