© 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. You'll often find birth information, residence, physical description, occupation, and in some … A farmer wasn’t allowed to simply abandon his land to fight, nor was judge allowed to resign. As the Beatles’ John Lennon once famously remarked: “Before Elvis, there was nothing.” The following year, at the peak of his career, Presley received his draft notice for a two-year stint in the army. Our nation's second military draft law, the Selective Service Act, went into effect in 1917 and gave President Woodrow Wilson the authority to conscript men for World War I. ? Between 1941 and 1943, there were five more registrations, and the ages changed to 18-44. The Burke-Wadsworth Act is passed by Congress on September 16, 1940, by wide margins in both houses, and the first peacetime draft in the history of the United Live TV Shows That accounts for approximately 98 percent of men in the U.S. born between 1872 and 1900. 1C–member of the armed forces. In the United Kingdom, conscription has existed for two periods in modern times. This list describes of the content of each of the digital folders in the collection United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942. IVB–deferred by law, i.e. Gen. Crowder, Gen. Bliss, Senator Chamberlain and Representatives Dent and Kahn also select capsules from the 10,500 in the great glass bowl in senate office building room where drawing continues until morning. IIIA–deferred due to dependents. READ MORE: 7 Fascinating Facts About Elvis Presley, https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/elvis-presley-is-drafted. On December 20, 1957, while spending the Christmas holidays at Graceland, his … Draft Deferment: World War II EVENT A total of 10,110,104 men were drafted between November 1940 and October 1946, drawing from the pool of men born on or before 1927. Ancestry.com. The first was from 1916 to 1920, the second from 1939 to 1960, with the last conscripted soldiers leaving the service in 1963. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2011. IIA–deferred for critical civilian work. To instate a draft … With German power growing in Europe, on September 16, 1940 the United States inaugurated its first peacetime draft, the Selective Service The draft cards for states other than Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia were microfilmed in a different manner and thus images of the original draft cards from those other states display correctly in the database. IVA–already served in the armed forces. draft officials. The draft had produced a military that could not only stand up to Germany and Japan, but could decisively defeat them. The collection can be accessed at United States, World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942. ( Note: 18 year olds required to register for the draft were issued “draft cards” and were required by law to carry that document with them at all time. Elvis Presley receives his draft notice for the United States Army. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! “The will to hold out must be brought home to every unit!” Halder was also informed that he ...read more. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. For the next 18 months, he served in Company D, 32nd Tank Battalion, 3rd Armor Division in Friedberg, Germany, where he attained the rank of sergeant. On December 20, 1957, while spending the Christmas holidays at Graceland, his newly purchased Tennessee mansion, rock-and-roll star Elvis Presley receives his draft notice for the United States Army. Though Moore leavened his movie with goofy anecdotes and ...read more, In one of his first acts as the new commander in chief of the German army, Adolf Hitler informs General Franz Halder that there will be no retreating from the Russian front near Moscow. Draft lottery selects 1,374,000 men for examination to provide 687,000 of first increment troops others of 10,000,000 are definitely listed for future service; Baker draws the first number. On April 27, 1942, the Selective Service conducted the fourth of six draft registrations. The merchant seamen would have been safer in the real Navy than in the Merchant Marine, in the Atlantic at least. Well, I think I’ve found a list of draft categories in WWII…still looking for an official list, though 1A–fit for general military service. Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled. 1B–fit for limited military service. It covers the years 1940 to 1945 and includes information of young men aged 18-44. The "World War II Selective Service Draft Cards: Fourth Registration, 1942" is often referred to as the “Old Man’s Registration” or the “Old Man’s Draft". The big one was always essential services. The Selective Service System (SSS) is an independent agency of the United States government that maintains information on those potentially subject to military conscription (i.e. For the rest of his service, he shared an off-base residence with his father, grandmother and some Memphis friends. Expecting around a million enlistees but receiving only 73,000 volunteers for military service, Congress and President Woodrow Wilson realized other methods were required to call up a large military force. The treaty, which removed those tribes from their ancestral homelands to make way for white settlement, ...read more, On December 20, 1986, three Black men are attacked by a group of white teenagers yelling racial slurs in Howard Beach, a predominately white, middle-class, Italian-American neighborhood in Queens, New York. Draft Card Content The Fourth More than 10 million men entered military service through the Selective Service System during World War II alone. Elvis in the Army: 'People Were Expecting Me to Mess Up'. The draft remained in place until 1973. One exception is the Fourth Registration, or "Old Man's Draft," also on Fold3. This article originally appeared in the December 2007 issue of the magazime. The draft continued through war and peacetime until 1973. The film follows the economic impact of GM shutting down several auto factories in Moore's hometown of Flint, Michigan. Conflict and Number of Inductions HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. President Roosevelt's signing of the Selective Training and Service Act on September 16, 1940, began the first peacetime draft in the United States. After basic training—which included an emergency leave to see his beloved mother, Gladys, before she died in August 1958—Presley sailed to Europe on the USS General Randall. In 1917 and 1918, approximately 24 million men living in the United States completed a World War I draft registration card. The first draft registration under the 1940 Selective Training and Service Act required all males ages 21-36 to register on October 16, 1940, to serve in what would ultimately be WWII. 1B–fit for limited military service. • Name index and images of cards for men, age 45-64 (born 1877-1897), included in the fourth draft conducted on April 27, 1942. Congress passed the first military conscription act in 1863 during the Civil War, allowing President Abraham Lincoln to draft men between the ages of 20 - 45. In September 1940, Congress, by wide margins in both Well, I think I’ve found a list of draft categories in WWII…still looking for an official list, though. The Draft and WWII On September 16, 1940, the United States instituted the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, which required all men between the ages of 21 and 45 to register for the draft. "The Old Man's Draft"After the United States entered World War II, a new Selective Service Act required that all men between the ages of 18 and 64 register for the draft. Noriega’s Panamanian Defense ...read more, During a brief military ceremony in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina, French General Bernard Janvier, head of the United Nations peacekeeping force, formally transfers military authority in Bosnia to U.S. Admiral Leighton Smith, commander of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) ...read more, On December 20, 1836, President Andrew Jackson presents Congress with a treaty he negotiated with the Ioway, Sacs, Sioux, Fox, Otoe and Omaha tribes of the Missouri territory. READ MORE: Elvis in the Army: 'People Were Expecting Me to Mess Up'. What about if you were the head of a family? Dear C.O. Some on the above list were VC–alien. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. All Rights Reserved. During World War II there were seven draft registrations: October 16, 1940 - all men 21-31 years residing in the U.S. - whether native born, naturalized, or alien July 1, 1941 - men who reached age 21 since the first registration February 16, 1942 - men 20-21 and 35-44 years of age World War II draft The draft began in October 1940, with the first men entering military service on November 18. Thanks for your help. I’ve heard of cases of people in what we think of as minor jobs like projectionists being allowed to defer or outright rejected because no one else in a small town could fill their shoes. On November 11, 1942, Congress approves lowering the draft age to 18 and raising the upper limit to age 37. 1C–member of the armed forces. With a suggestive style—one writer called him “Elvis the Pelvis”—a hit movie, Love Me Tender, and a string of gold records including “Heartbreak Hotel,” “Blue Suede Shoes,” “Hound Dog” and “Don’t Be Cruel,” Presley had become a national icon, and the world’s first bona fide rock-and-roll star, by the end of 1956. These lotteries occurred during a period of conscription in the United States that lasted from 1947 to 1973. I Carl Zebrowski is the managing editor of America in WWII . Earlier that night, the men were driving from Brooklyn to Queens, when ...read more. Resistance to the military draft during the Vietnam Era resulted in the suspension of selective service in the US after 1972, although young men continued to register for the draft. Draft, Enlistment, and Service records allow you to learn more about your ancestor's military service, and may also contain significant information for your family history. After maintaining neutrality for three years, the United States entered World War I on April 6, 1917. On December 1, 1969, the Selective Service System of the United States conducted two lotteries to determine the order of call to military service in the Vietnam War for men born from January 1, 1944 to December 31, 1950. IVE–conscientious objector. I don’t know quite what professions this covered, but it seems like most proffesions had to be kept active to some degree, and hence the participants could avoid the draft. Included men with a date of birth from April 28, 1877 to February 16, 1897. Did they allow you to defer service if you were in college, as in Vietnam? ? And what did Australian soldiers do when they went to WW2? —C.O.? The 1940 law instituted conscription in peacetime, requiring the registration of all men between 21 and 35. 1D–students fit for general military Under an agreement reached between East and West Berlin, ...read more, The United States invades Panama in an attempt to overthrow military dictator Manuel Noriega, who had been indicted in the United States on drug trafficking charges and was accused of suppressing democracy in Panama and endangering U.S. nationals. The collection consists of a name index and images of draft registration cards of men who registered during World War II with the exception of the Fourth Registration (see General Information below). 1A–fit for general military service. Documentarian Michael Moore's first film, Roger & Me, opens in theaters on December 20, 1989. This draft registration was not intended to be used for military service, but to provide a complete inventory of manpower resources in the United States that could be used for national service. IVF—physically, mentally or morally unfit for service. For more information about induction statistics, call Selective Service at 703-605-4100. After working during the day, Presley returned home at night to host frequent parties and impromptu jam sessions. Fans sent tens of thousands of letters to the army asking for him to be spared, but Elvis would have none of it. The event place is the home of the registrant. Widely praised for not seeking to avoid the draft or serve domestically, Presley was seen as a model for all young Americans. 1D–students fit for general military service. Meanwhile, Presley’s manager, Colonel Tom Parker, continued to release singles recorded before his departure, keeping the money rolling in and his most famous client fresh in the public’s mind. This might be some help and maybe give you some leads. It covers the years 1940 to 1945 and includes information of young men aged 18-44. Search all WWII records Learn more about your family’s connection to “a date which will U.S., World War II Draft Cards Young Men, 1940-1947 [database on-line]. 1E–students fit for limited military service. By July 20, Wilson would enact a military draft lottery. The event place is the home of the registrant. The collection consists of a name index and images of draft registration cards of men who registered during World War II with the exception of the Fourth Registration (see General Information below). All these positions were pruned during the war, but numeorus people in those jobs tried to volounteer and were turned down, never mind being drafted. Secretary of War Newton D. The last man inducted entered the U.S. Army on June 30, 1973 during the last draft conducted. Conscription in Australia, or mandatory military service also known as National Service, has a controversial history dating back to the first years of nationhood.Australia currently only has provisions for conscription during times of war when authorised by the governor-general and approved within 90 days by both houses of parliament as outlined in the Defence Act 1903. North Vietnam announces the formation of the National Front for the Liberation of the South at a conference held “somewhere in the South.” This organization, more commonly known as the National Liberation Front (NLF), was designed to replicate the success of the Viet Minh, the ...read more, More than two years after the Berlin Wall was constructed by East Germany to prevent its citizens from fleeing its communist regime, nearly 4,000 West Berliners are allowed to cross into East Berlin to visit relatives. Aside from being physically or mentall incapable of serving, what other reasons would allow you to be exempt from the draft during WWII? He received one deferment–during which he finished working on his movie King Creole–before being sworn in as an army private in Memphis on March 24, 1958. IVD–ministers. Otherwise, every male aged 19 to 26 had a stake in the 1970 draft lottery, as it determined the order in which men with birth dates between 1944 and 1950 were called to report for induction in 1970. Any other reasons? By the early summer of 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked the U.S. Congress to extend the term of duty for the draftees beyond twelve months to a total of thirty months, plus any additional time that he could deem necessary for national security. Interesting. Note that some of these individuals may have served At one of these, an army buddy of Presley’s introduced him to 14-year-old Priscilla Beaulieu, whom Elvis would marry some years later. 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