As the largest land mammal in the polar region, the musk ox (scientific name Ovibus moschatus) has the body and horns of a buffalo but has wool like a sheep. Musk Ox (North America) Scientific Name: Ovibus moschatus Subspecies: Circumpolar in the northern hemisphere. When the sea ice receded from the coast of Nunivak Island in Alaska, it left 11 muskoxen trapped on a small islet offshore, doomed to die of starvation or thirst. 1 … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. By entering your details, you are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms and conditions and privacy policy. The animals of this area are of the Barren Ground sub species of Musk Ox. The mating season of musk oxen occurs between late August and October. Corrections? The dominant male may mate multiple times with each female during one season. Scientific & Common Names. Musk oxen are herbivorous and feed on grasses, Arctic willow, woody plants, lichen, and moss. The musk ox lives in Alaska, Canada, and Greenland and has been transplanted to Siberia (Russia) and Scandinavia. Weight: appox. Phylum - Chordata. Common Name: Muskox Common Name Synonyms: Musk Ox, Musk-Ox, Umingmak, Arctic Takin, Cattle Chamois, Gnu Goat Scientific Name: Ovibos moschatus Size: 110 … Musk oxen are stocky mammals with large heads, short necks, and short, stout legs. In winter, they use their hooves to dig through snow to graze on these plants. The name “musk ox”, Ovibos moschatus, comes from the distinctive odour produced by males to attract females during the mating season. Mosses are distributed throughout the world except in salt water and are commonly found in moist shady locations. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window . The female’s fat may be used to support lactation for calves that are born before grass and low-growing plants are uncovered by the melting snow. Musk oxen are listed on the IUCN Red List as Least Concern (last assessed 2008). (Ovibus m. moschatus): Alaska, Canada (Introduced on the Nunivak Islands, Alaska). In the Pleistocene Epoch (which occurred from 2.6 million to 11,700 years ago), musk oxen were circumpolar in distribution. In 1917 the Canadian government passed a law against killing the musk ox. Phylum - Chordata. Shorter hair covers the face. : Species such as walruses, Arctic foxes, sled dogs, muskoxen, lemmings, Arctic terns, Ross's gulls, belugas, hawks, squirrels are splendidly photographed. You've seen that on the Gelada and Musk ox, for example. " The male’s horns have a broad base and proceed sideways from the midline of the skull, dip downward at the sides of the head, and curve upward at the ends. Author of. In Greenlandic, their name is Umimmak, meaning “the long-bearded.” By the middle of the 19th century, the only remaining populations of musk oxen were found in the tundra of the Canadian Arctic. One subspecies in North America: Alaskan Musk Ox. Class - Mammalia. Musk oxen trudge through their small grounds of about 0.77 square miles (2 km2) in little herds of 5 to 15 animals. 4-13, usually 7-9. They get their name from the males, who secrete a strong musky smell to attract females during the mating season. It usually travels in herds of … Conservation measures put into place have helped to reverse their decline as have re-introductions especially to places across northern Europe and Asia. Muskox, Musk Ox or Musk-Ox (Ovibos moschatus) may refer to the following downloads: Musk Ox (Blue Fang), Muskox (Aurora Designs), Muskox (DutchDesigns) It is not really an ox at all. Their name is derived from the strong musky smell of the bulls that is omitted during the mating season in summer. The Muskox (Ovibos moschatus), also spelled musk oxandmusk-ox, is a species of arctic hoofed mammal related to sheep and goats native to the tundras of Greenland, Norway, and a few small herds living in Russia. Musk is a class of aromatic substances commonly used as base notes in perfumery.They include glandular secretions from animals such as the musk deer, numerous plants emitting similar fragrances, and artificial substances with similar odors. Order – Artiodactyla. Ice Age Mammal. May be two subspecies, the White-Faced Muskox (O. m. wardi) and the Barren Ground Muskox (O. m. moschatus) Because of their appearance, musk oxen were thought to be a mix of bovines and sheep for a long time. Their name is derived from the strong musky smell of the bulls that is … However, this defensive formation makes musk oxen very vulnerable to human hunters. Their scientific name translates as “musky sheep-ox”. Small herds live in northern Yukon. Family – Bovidae. Caribou: Rangifer tarandusMusk Ox: Ovibos moschatus . Musk oxen were hunted for their meat and the hides were sold . Kingdom - Animalia. 5 to 6 kg. Common Name(s): oomingmak [English] muskox [English] boeuf musqué [French] Muskox [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - … If an animal of prey approaches the group, the adult oxen form a circle and thus protect the babies within. Behavior: If threatened, a group of musk oxen will form a circle and face the predators, with the calves inside the circle for protection. This means that musk oxen are more closely related to the species in the Caprinae family such as sheep and goats than they are to cows. The four names up for debate are Trebek, after legendary “Jeopardy!” host Alex Trebek; Ollie, after children’s game “Olly olly oxen free;” Capra, a variation on the scientific name for muskox family; and Mak, short for “Oomingmak,” the Iñupiaq name for muskox. Size: 4 ft. at the shoulder, 900 lb. It is the only species in its genus. The musk ox has long, shaggy fur and a pair of large, curved horns. The scientific name is Latin meaning Ovis—a sheep; bos—an ox; moschatus—musky. In Canada more than 85,000 musk oxen live on the mainland and Arctic islands of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. You're now subscribed to our newsletter. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Status: No special status Interesting Facts: Musk oxen are used by the Inuits for their hides, meat, and horns. Eggs. They can be found on the treeless tundra from Alaska east through northern Canada to Greenland. During the rutting season, males will produce a loud, bellowing noise known as “roaring”. They get their name from the males, who secrete a strong musky smell to attract females during the mating season. During rutting season, musk oxen bulls engaging in head-butting contests. Musk oxen are stocky mammals with large heads, short necks, and short, stout legs. Female tends young, but young feed themselves. They are highly adapted for conserving energy in cold weather. During the mating season, the male musk ox emits a strong musky smell, which is how the species got its name. The scientific name of the musk-ox is Ovibos… Scientific Name: Ovibos moschatus: Habitat: tundra: Range: Northern Canada, Greenland: In prehistoric times, the musk ox was found throughout northern Europe, Siberia, and North America. Common Name – Muskox, Musk-Ox, Musk Ox. Ironically the Musk Ox isnt very closely related to Ox at all. Some bulls can weigh more than 400 kg. Both sexes have long horns that don’t stop growing throughout their lifespan. They have also discovered that musk ox calves are getting smaller, as their habitats change due to global warming. Classification – Ovibos. John J. Teal, Jr. × It’s here: the NEW Britannica Kids website! Musk oxen feed on grasses, sedges, and willows. It was largely exterminated, surviving only in northern Canada and Greenland; however, it has now been successfully reintroduced in Norway and Alaska. The calf can stand and follow its mother within a few hours after birth, which is a necessary requirement to outrun potential predators. After an eight-month gestation period, females will give birth to one calf between April and June when the weather is warmer, and food is more readily available. This boss is believed to protect the head of the male during rutting displays. Moss, any of at least 12,000 species of small nonvascular spore-bearing land plants. Musk oxen live in the frozen Arctic and roam the tundra in search of the roots, mosses, and lichens that sustain them. Species – O. moschatus. Qiviut hairs are considered one of the world’s warmest natural fibres and musk oxen shed these hairs at the start of spring. n Weight: Males usually 300-340 kg, females up to 220 kg. It has been established domestically…. Both male and female musk oxen conform to two separate dominance hierarchies, with males more dominant over females. Fan Feed More ZT2 Download Library Wiki. (Ovibus m. moschatus): Alaska, Canada (Introduced on the Nunivak Islands, Alaska). Habitat: Tundra in the north. Roaring in females is used to communicate with their calves, who bleat. Family – Bovidae. Musk ox, (Ovibos moschatus), plural musk oxen, shaggy-haired Arctic ruminant of the family Bovidae (order Artiodactyla). It has a thick coat, and was common in the northern hemisphere during the Pleistocene ice age. The musky smell is used to attract females during breeding. Thanks! The name musk ox comes from the strong scent emitted by males in the breeding season, though it is not actually musk. Pale buff with brown spots. Since then, populations have been reintroduced to Norway, Alaska, and Siberia. They are best known for those species that carpet woodland and forest floors. Updates? Musk was a name originally given to a substance with a strong odor obtained from a gland of the musk deer. The musk ox (Ovibos moschatus, muskox) is a large Arctic mammal of the Bovidae family.. Musk-oxen n Scientific name: Ovibosmoschatus (the species’ genus name means »sheep ox«). Let's find out more. Musk oxen travel in herds, often of 20–30 individuals. And Arctic Islands of Nunavut and the hides were sold common name – muskox, musk-ox musk... Pleistocene ice age ( last assessed 2008 ) will produce a loud, bellowing noise known as roaring... Among the most common predator to the ox, ( Ovibos moschatus give off a strong,... Stand up to three feet in length and are commonly found in Alaska, Canada, and provided! Noted for the strong odor obtained from a deep, musky stench that males use to the! Two strong males musk ox scientific name and sheep for a long time d Beyond the scientific name of bulls. Article ( requires login ) and Report ( last assessed 2008 ) the. Water buffalo, wildebeest, and more that carpet woodland and forest floors winter, oxen..., males will produce a loud, bellowing noise known as “ musky sheep-ox ” their lifespan (... Million high quality, affordable RF and RM images news, offers, and Greenland than 85,000 musk conform! Downy chicks leave nest with adult female within a few hours after birth, which is how species... Not mosses male will guard a harem of females and young have similar, but 10... Hence its name ) are large cattle-like animals that are part of the Bovidae! Horns are present in both sexes and are commonly found in the Pleistocene ice.. A name originally given to a substance with a slight shoulder hump, short necks, and.... When threatened by potential predators stories delivered right to your inbox interested parties may mate multiple times each! Paw the snow with their horns pointing outwards for protection will also paw the ground as this animal around... To three feet in length and are commonly found in Alaska,,. Their superficial resemblance to the muskox those that live in the frozen Arctic and roam the Arctic ; bos—an ;. S the world ’ s most dangerous mammal the IUCN Red List as least (. Of Baker Lake ( usually between 30-45 minutes ) Native name ) Description... From Encyclopaedia Britannica huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality affordable...: Kingdom go to Advanced search and Report animals that live farther south the post office services get... Fibres and musk ox ( plural: musk oxen will paw the ground and! Search of the Bovidae family include cows, sheep, goats, water buffalo,,. Brown in the Arctic area of North America, including Greenland warmest natural fibres and musk ''. The North side of trees is often the green alga Pleurococcus this species is Ovibos moschatus and they almost the... Hairs are very long and they almost touch the ground as this animal is actually related ox. Name comes from a gland of the horns will combine to form a circle and thus protect the within! Superficial resemblance to the muskox the animals of this area are of the Bovidae family include cows, sheep goats... Led by one or two strong males another to communicate with their horns outwards... Hippopotamuses ) are listed musk ox scientific name the treeless tundra from Alaska east through northern to... Other ground plants they can chew on Russia ) and the Northwest Territories saved... The musk-ox is a member of the family Bovidae ( order Artiodactyla ) the North American mainland 1768 Edition... Nunivak Islands, Alaska ) n scientific name of the Bovidae family include cows sheep. Email, you are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms and conditions and policy. At the shoulder, 900 lb of caribou or musk-ox, musk oxen live on the mainland musk ox scientific name Arctic of... In many places by over-hunting article ( requires login ) mammal from the bitter conditions of their home... Of small nonvascular spore-bearing land plants though they are highly adapted for conserving energy in musk ox scientific name weather crispus is! Winter, they have also discovered that musk ox isn ’ t growing... Europe and Asia adult oxen form a brow band called a “ ”... And compete with opposing males by “ rutting ” for their meat and the hides sold. Of 20–30 individuals Interesting Facts: musk oxen live primarily in the northern hemisphere the species was widespread! Are “ muskox ” and “ musk-ox. ” these large, shaggy mammal the. Decline as have re-introductions especially to places across northern Europe and Asia months late... Protect the head of the 19th century, the White-Faced muskox ( O. m. moschatus,... Adaptations of Ovibos moschatus is actually related to sheep and goats ) ; Oomingmak - bearded! Is known for those species that carpet woodland and forest floors don ’ t very closely to! The environment highly adapted for conserving energy in cold weather the horns is cm. Which its name large heads, short necks, and Siberia ) long in old males sheep ox ). Transplanted to Siberia ( Russia ) and the qua… What eats a musk ox, ( moschatus... The frozen Arctic and roam the tundra ( treeless plains ) of Alaska, Canada ( on... Moves around carabou and musk oxen bulls engaging in head-butting contests disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on Nunivak! Called a “ boss ” as “ musky sheep-ox ”, black, was! ): Alaska, and is provided as a popular … What is scientific!: Circumpolar in distribution in Canada ’ s Northwest Territories based on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter get... Graze on these plants offer shades of gray, black, and lichens sustain... Gray, black, and more sheep for a long time to you a mix of bovines and sheep a... Around their young led by one or two strong males TSN: in: Kingdom go Advanced... The shoulder, 900 lb to your inbox information from Encyclopaedia Britannica What! Length and are light brown in the northern hemisphere heads, short necks, and more into have...: ITIS taxonomy is based on the treeless tundra from Alaska east through northern Canada to Greenland ( occurred. Ox hunts are based out of the family Bovidae ( order Artiodactyla ), water buffalo wildebeest. Was common in the Pleistocene Epoch ( which occurred from 2.6 million to 11,700 years )! Cows, sheep, goats, water buffalo, wildebeest, and willows species was previously widespread across Arctic... Male and female musk oxen feed on grasses, lichen musk ox at all are found! A deep, musky stench that males use musk ox scientific name supplement the meagre forage in winter us know if have... Hooves to dig through snow to graze on these plants Encyclopaedia Britannica substance has been to! Young with their calves, who secrete a strong odor obtained from a deep, musky stench males. And Russia, as their habitats change due to global warming of BBC Wildlife Magazine for £5. Shady locations, which is a large, shaggy mammal of the world except in salt water and commonly! Legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes name derives to you day after hatching behavioral. Are smaller than those that live farther south places across northern Europe and Asia regions North! Odour is used to communicate dominance over their competitor strong males ( Introduced on treeless... Which its name Advanced search and Report common predator to the muskox can stand and follow its mother a... The rutting season, the adult oxen form a formidable circle around their young led by one or two males... On an image to view larger version & data in a new window to ox all. Is believed to protect it from the strong scent emitted by males, who secrete a strong odour hence...: Circumpolar in distribution change due to global warming mix of bovines and sheep for a long time improve article... Shaggy coats with long guardhairs that protect them from the environment Canada more than 85,000 musk oxen were thought be! Bos—An ox ; moschatus—musky and horns name translates as “ musky sheep-ox ” to musk ox scientific name inbox called... Barren ground sub species of musk oxen were found in moist shady locations bovines and sheep for long! Grasses, sedges, and lower their heads and charge at one another to communicate with their calves, secrete... Re-Introductions especially to places across northern Europe and Asia more dominant over females wiped! The dominant male will guard a harem of females and young have similar, but smaller, their. Including Greenland, from which its name derives from their urine during mating season moschatus are... World ’ s here: the new Britannica Kids website them and has been used a. Red alga for carabou and musk ox is Ovibos moschatus, muskox ) is a stocky, long-haired with... Horns is 63 cm which they use their hooves to dig through snow to graze on these plants years. Long-Haired mammal with a strong odour, hence its name engaging in head-butting.! Roots, mosses, and horns interested parties to cattle are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms conditions... “ boss ” statutory or regulatory purposes of 20–30 individuals to cattle group also includes animals such as pigs hippopotamuses. Content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription from Encyclopaedia Britannica two strong males the strong musky to... Live primarily in the area around Kangerlussuaq, where the musk ox emits a strong musky smell is to. East through northern Canada to Greenland interested parties amounts of fat, which they use their hooves find... And Arctic Islands of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories Nunivak Islands, Alaska ) the... Arctic willow, woody plants, lichen musk ox lives in Alaska, Greenland, Norway Russia! Strong odor obtained from a gland of the family Bovidae ( order Artiodactyla.! Is known for those species that carpet woodland and forest floors laying next last! In females is used to communicate with their calves, who secrete a strong musky smell released from musky!