Each Township is generally 6 x 6 miles, or 36 square miles, or 36 Sections. refers to Township 2 North (of the Baseline), and the R.1E. MOST rural roads run on “section lines”. This property is in section 31, 1 Township north of the baseline and 4 Ranges east of the principle meridian. On an interesting note- Section 16 of each township was set apart specifically for public education. So yes each township is divided into 36 sections that are apx 1 mile, but sections are not divided into townships. If you know a Section, Township and Range you want to find (for example, from an old deed such as BLM Land Patent records or a current land description), use the "Find Parcel" panel below the map. The data shows the township and range systems. We will come back to those two terms a little later so write them down so you won't forget them -- … Thisis written as T. 2 N., R. 3 E.. and pronounced township two north, range three east. Note that the National Atlas database has only townships, no sections. In U.S. land surveying under the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), a section is an area nominally one square mile (2.6 square kilometers), containing 640 acres (260 hectares), with 36 sections making up one survey township on a rectangular grid.. There are many places — going from Kimball County into Banner County [the far west edge of Nebr] where you have “jogs in the roads” to correct for section lines being offset. The northeastern-most section is considered the first section labeled "1" with those following taking the next number to the west to complete a six section first row. In order for the U.S. to properly assess the new land, the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) was developed to plat or divide real property for sale or settling. Ranges, like townships are also 6 miles in size so the first six miles west of the principal meridian would be described as range one west and written as R1W, the second would be R2W. Privacy Policy | DMCA. This page maps the United States Public Land Survey System onto Google Earth. ", "Sections (each being 660 acres) are again subdivided into quarters. For example, the NE 1/4, SW 1/4, sec. Example 1 - What is the township, range, and section of the lightning strike labeled "X" in the figure? Sections, quarters and legal subdivisions. How to read a dc parcel number | douglas county, nv official. Displays calculated area and corner points. This snakelike pattern is continued to the southeastern-most section 36 and makes up the township. Each Township is six miles square and contains 23,040 acres, or 36 square miles, as near as it is possible to make them. I work for a Tribal Environmental Department and I have been asked to map locations and area of culturally significant sites. It is a very confusing topic. These are called standard parallels. Section A - Enter the Township or use the drop-down menu to select one. They are usually described as the northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest quarters of the section. Townships are divided into 36 sections, each section measuring one-by-one mile. Things do not always line up as nicely as described in this article. Next, comes the township and range. Sections in each township are numbered consecutively beginning with number 1 in the northeast corner of the township, and counting right to left then left to right and so on weaving back and forth through the sections of the township, and ending with number 36 in the southeast corner. The “Back 80” or “the 1/4 section that Grandpa farmed” are common terms. Then a principal meridian, which runs north and south is defined. The township is named in reference to a Principal Meridian and a Baseline. BUT townships don’t always “line up”. In the above example, the detailed township is located within T20S, which begins at Section 1 and ends at Section 36. The Field of Surveying And The Role of the Surveyor, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Latitude Examples: 43°38'19.39"N, 43 38 19.39, 43.6387194 Longitude Examples: 116°14'28 ... Information: BLM Township and Range Looking for the abbreviation of Section, Township, Range? For example, a legal description might describe a township as "township 4 north, range 5 west" But 36 square miles is sill a big area. The term township also describes the six-by-six mile square formed by the intersection of ranges and townships. Township, range and section | los angeles county gis data portal. Which Shape is Best for Your Flexmls Map Search? unfortunately for me, most of there data Township Range Section format. Help: How to install township and range. A township is divided into 36 sections. The township and range coordinates of adjacent townships depend upon the context of the existing township and range lines. 30. Next, each township is divided into 36 sections. These three lines, the baseline, principal meridian and standard parallels, form a foundation grid that allows for more detailed survey work. ", Excerpted from The U.S. Public Land Survey, "Townships are divided into 36 mile square "sections" and each section is identified with a number based on its position. Thanks for pointing it out. We hope this website can serve as both a learning tool that illustrates the functions of our office as well as a valuable resource for important forms, links, and contact information. There are approximately 3,600 townships in Saskatchewan. Illinois Public Land Survey System (PLSS) boundaries and designations in line and polygon feature classes. A township that surveys the 6 miles and is the first six miles south of the base line is described as township one south and written as T1S. These townships would be further divided into 1-square-mile sections, for a total of 36 sections per township. Next is the section and any subdivision. Find the Township, Range and Section for a Farm on the map. 1, T. 4 N., R. 3 E.; B-sec. Section C - If you know the Section, you may enter it in this field. State to state things could be slightly different. The polygon attribute data include meridian, township, range, section and county number (FIPS) designations. For example, SE1/4 of NW1/4 of Section 3, T3N, R1E, 3rd PM would be the southeast quarter of the northwest quarter of section 3 in township 3 north, range 2 east of the 3rd Principle Meridian. Refer to the property description. https://www.usgs.gov/media/images/public-land-survey-system-plss. For example, a legal description might describe a township as “township 12 north, range 71 west of the 6th Principal Meridian.” But unless the land being conveyed is an entire 36-square-mile township, the legal description must then identify the subject land within that township — that’s where sections … Each Section is generally 1 x 1 miles, or 1 square mile, or 640 acres. Each township is broken down into 36 sections; each section is usually 640 acres. T. 5 S., R. 7 E. This is read as the northeast quarter of the southwest quarter of section thirty, township five south, range seven east. i’m looking foe section 13, township 14, north range 32 in Lincoln county, ne. Refreshed Media Gallery Available Now in Flexmls, http://www.nebraskamap.gov/datasets/township-and-range, https://www.usgs.gov/media/images/public-land-survey-system-plss. Sections can then be divided into quarters (NE, NW, SE, SW), or into 16 legal subdivisions (LSD), as indicated. With this section township range finder, you can view and search the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), also known as Congressional townships or survey townships, all the way down to the section, quarter section and quarter quarter section level anywhere in the U.S., all overlaid on a fully interactive Google Map. Chelsea Oakland joined the ARMLS team in 2014. The second six miles would be T2N, T3N and so on. It is located one box (or township) west of the principal meridian or Range 1W. T.2S. The explanation of the article was for the Phoenix metro area. The collection of … Displays townships, sections, and quarter-quarter sections (western states have quarter/quarters mapped, central states do not). You may find some irregularly shaped townships and sections which result from surveying errors and other difficulties. ©2020 Arizona Regional Multiple Listing Service, Inc. JL, I understand where you are coming from being someone who grew up in a very rural area. [EXAMPLES: MC103_26.TIF would show the Case Map for Section 26, of Township 29 South, Range 28 East, MDM; C103.TIF would show that entire Township] File sizes vary from 94 KB to 4.5 MB with most being less than 3 MB. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. You can see that these quarter sections can also be quartered again to define 40 acres.". A section of land has 16 blocks of 40-acre tracts. Iowa has a town — Correctionville [east of Sioux City] — named for the map adjustment. Section B - Enter the Range or use the drop-down menu to select one. These "quarter sections" contain 160 acres. Our story begins in 1785, toward the end of the American Revolution as the U.S. received new land in thanks to the Treaty of Paris. Find out what is the most common shorthand of Section, Township, Range on Abbreviations.com! I made a slight adjustment to the map to hopefully elevate the confusion. Step 3. First, a baseline is established that runs east to west. Are you F-ing serious!???!!! Each Township…is divided into 36 squares, which are called Sections. Range lines that run parallel to the principle meridian are plotted, usually in 6 mile intervals. Example: Section – 01 Township – 08 Range – 03 As we continue to grow and change, we will strive to offer more services and information to the public. A township that theoretically measures 6 miles in size and is the first six miles north of the base line is described as township one north and written as T1N. The second six miles would be T2S, T3S and so on. The underlying land would still have the section, township and range designation, but it is probably not listed on the deed. Ever wonder how the Township, Range and Section are determined? IF the “flat earth” nuts were right, they would, but LONGITUDE LINES are NOT parallel to each other — especially as you get “Up North” they come closer together. Well get ready for a history lesson. 640 acres cut in quarters gets you 160 in a quarter section .. or an 80 or a 40. Use the illustration below to give the complete township and range coordinates. R.2E. The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Their intersections create a grid of townships. If you do that, you’ll be fed the info like this: State, County, Township, Section, Fraction of Section, Fraction of that Fraction. 130 S. Priest Drive, Suite 101, Tempe, AZ 85281-2593 2. As an example, the blue shaded box (or township) is located three townships north of the base line or Township 3N. A range measures the east/west distance from its dedicated principal meridian. Townships : Townships (36 sq miles) are numbered north and south of the baseline and east and west of the principal meridian. In Arizona, it’s Baseline Road. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Write the range. With her learning and development experience she knew she would have an impact on the company’s end goal to service its more than 40,000 subscribers. Section Number - Townships were then further broken down into thirty-six sections of 640 acres each (one square mile) called sections, which were numbered with reference to the baseline and meridian line. The PLSS is now the primary surveying method for the majority of America, excluding the original 13 colonies and Texas. If you grow up in “Farm and Ranch country”, it’s obvious. Township lines run north and south, Range lines run east and west. Township lines that run parallel to the baseline are plotted, typically in intervals of 6 miles. If it says, for example, "Block 12 Lot 3," this refers to a specific developed area of a town, city or housing project. Answers: A-sec. refers to Range 1 East (of the Principal Meridian). This article was written for the AZ market. What Are Latitude and Longitude Lines on Maps? Oil leases can get nested pretty deep - down to 1/128th of a section as I recall. Below section 6 is the second row's section 7 and each is numbered to 12 going east. In order to have the Section grid overlay, we need to have a Farmapper account and be logged in. Step 2. In this example, we begin with the fictitious Bureau of Land Management Principal Meridian or BLM Meridian, (the State the land is in). I hope this helps. If you are looking at a specific area of the country, this site may be able to help. Map sheet information, assessor's office, el paso county, co. 6. Once the township is established it is then divided into 36 sections measuring 1 square mile, giving us what we see in our tax records today. The smallest quarter is given followed by the largest quarter, then the section, and then the township and range. Our principal meridian is the Gila River or roughly 115th Avenue. 22 Example 2 - What would you tell the dispatcher is the exact location of the lightning strike using corners? 11 base, township, range, sections, & corners | nwcg. Here is an example using Monsoon. TIP: If you don't know the Section number, just leave it blank. Many Townships have no Section details. Step 2: Enter the Township and Range The Township and Range are required fields. Once the township is established it is then divided into 36 sections measuring 1 square mile, giving us what we see in our tax records today. The northeastern-most section is considered the first section labeled "1" with those following taking the next number to the west to complete a … So you might buy 20 acres described as: A township is 36 square miles, there are 36 sections, and each section is 1 square mile. Hard for “City folk” to understand. Is there any way to plot this data in ArcMap 10.1 as a layer? It might describe something like the N half of the SE quarter section of Section 21 Township whatever Range whatever. This land was then sold in portions of the sections, often divided in halves, quarters, etc. I was confused when I first addressed it. Sections are numbered Township, range, and section are abbreviated as T, R, and S, respectively, and cardinal bearings from the initial point by N, S, E, and W; each principal meridian also has its established abbreviation. The T.2N. Write the township. A township is divided into 36 sections and each section is a township as per your map. The Township-Range-Section system is used in some portions of the United States for describing land parcels, particularly those sold by the U.S. Government during expansion into the undeveloped western lands. How US Public Land Is Surveyed and Distributed, Glossary of Common Land and Property Terms, The Distance Between Degrees of Latitude and Longitude, Historic Land Ownership Maps and Atlases Online. A Basic Section Grid "Townships are divided into 36 mile square "sections" and each section is identified with a number based on its position. It is very well laid out, which makes it easy to identify the township, section and range. "A township measures the north/south distance from its parallel base line. This property is in section 31, 1 Township north of the baseline and 4 Ranges east of the principle meridian. The first six miles east would be R1E then R2E and so on. Step 1. Thus, next come the sections. Step 1. Understanding maps township and range. Township and Range Practice. Follow the pictures below to learn about the breakdown of the Land Survey System. Here is an example, T.2N., R.1E. The person mentioned NEBRSKA. For example: T2N-R2W would be read as township 2 north (of the baseline), range 2 west (of the 3rd principal meridian) and is shaded in the map to the right.Twelve of the many Illinois townships are shown in this diagram. Can You Pass the ARMLS Online Course Challenge? Township and range survey system. Example: Township 3 North, Range 9 West, 5th Principal Meridian identifies a specific township that is 3 tiers north from the baseline and 9 tiers west (Range) of the 5th Principal Meridian. Legal descriptions using the S-T-R (Section-Township-Range) system have to be read backward. These Sections are intended to be one mile, or 320 rods, square and contain 640 acres of land. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. http://www.nebraskamap.gov/datasets/township-and-range It should help you identify the specific area you are looking for in Lincoln County. Write the section. Next, lines parallel to the baseline are plotted along the map. To help in your search, here is Public Land Survey System map for Nebraska. One of the attributes of the lease object is well formed legal description. 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