They should germinate in 7-14 days. That is why we make sure to plant it from April onwards, when the temperature has risen sharply. Eggplants are hardy vegetables that you can quickly grow in your garden. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) [1] X Research source The flowers are gorgeous, and the eggplants look like little (or big) molded sculptures. Eggplant requires a lot of nutrients. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. But, if you want to experience the full flavor of a freshly picked garden eggplant, simply roast it. (Germination normally takes 7–10 days). Cover the planters with a plastic bag or film, and set the pots on top of the refrigerator or on a heat mat—the ideal temperature for germination is 75 degrees Fahrenheit. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. Although it is quite challenging to grow eggplants from seeds, this is the common option for many home gardeners. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. I pot up the seedlings as they grow, and set them out when their roots fill a 4-inch (10cm) pot and the plants are quite stocky. You have more flexibility with container-grown plants, but the same general timeframe is recommended, to take advantage of the full growing season. Choose seeds depending on the variety that you would like to plant. They will add a decorative element to your patio with their deep purple fruits and flowers. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Mulch immediately after transplanting, and gently hand pull … If you are a forgetful waterer, choose the glazed pots. It is rather capricious and requires a lot of heat and sustained fertilization. Preheat the oven to 400 F. Toss the eggplant with a little olive oil, some kosher salt, and pepper. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. For general feeding, apply a diluted liquid fertilizer every other week during the growing season. Most varieties will be fine tied to a piece of bamboo or a wooden stake sunk deeply into your pot. Intro: Eggplant, which is perhaps most famous for the prominent role it plays in eggplant parmesan, is not only an easy vegetable to grow, but it is also a beautiful addition to a container garden. Kerry Michaels is a writer and photographer with several years specializing in gardening and landscape design. How to Grow and Care for Eggplant in Containers . Make sure that the pot has large drainage holes as well – this is very important. There are several varieties to choose from with a range of sizes, shapes, and colors. Most container friendly or compact eggplants don’t need staking. You can eat it right out of the oven or cold the next day. Container gardening makes achieving the first of those needs easy since the soil in pots, especially black pots, warms up quicker than soil in the ground. Make certain there are large, unblocked drainage holes. Make sure they get at least six hours of unobstructed sun per day—the more sun the better. Growing eggplant in containers requires 12 to 14 inches (30-35 cm.) Caring for Eggplant in Containers. To start eggplants from seed, the temperature needs to be at least 68 F (20 C). In the spring, most Canadian garden centres offer eggplants in containers. This avoids disturbing the roots once the plant is established. After preparing the seeds, prepare the container that you will use. Potting mix (1 part of the soil, 1 part of organic fertilizer, and 1 part of peat moss) is good for container planting. Generally, pick it when it is on the smaller side. Also, read the instructions from the manufacturer to learn how to properly take care of the plant. A position close to a window or other natural light is best. Container grown eggplant require large pots to facilitate their growth and provide room for the small bushes. By understanding what eggplants need to grow … There are cultivars, however, that have been developed to be compact as an answer to the growing number of small space gardeners. For Container or terrace gardening, use a 5 or 10-gallon container i.e., 4-8 liter box to grow mature eggplant. Use sustained release fertilizer pellets when you first plant the eggplant in the container. Find Out Which Is Best for Your Garden, 14 Best Vegetables to Grow in a Fall Garden, Cucamelon (Mexican Sour Gherkin) Plant Profile. With the rise of upside down gardening, traditional container gardening has expanded its previous barriers. The pot also needs drainage holes on the bottom, preventing fungus and mildew from growing in the soil. container. Water deeply and consistently, but don’t overwater. Here are a few tips from Rodale’s Organic Life for growing eggplants in containers: 1.) If you are using a very light soil, you will have to water enough times during the day so that the soil does not completely dry out. Turn the pieces once or twice until the eggplant is brown and soft. Pot only 1 Eggplant in 10-14-inch containers. When the weather warms to daytime temperatures of 70 degrees Fahrenheit, harden off the plants by moving them outside for a few hours during the warmer time of the day. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Eggplant is easy to grow, and some varieties are so beautiful they can be used as ornamentals. Types Of White Eggplant: Are There Eggplants That Are White, Making Tomato Cages - How To Build A Tomato Cage, Hanging Eggplants: Can You Grow An Eggplant Upside Down, Upper Midwest Evergreens – Choosing Evergreen Shrubs For Upper Midwest, West North Central Conifers: What Are The Best Northern Plains Conifers, What Is A Columnar Tree: Popular Columnar Tree Varieties, Eliminate Dollar Weed – How To Kill Dollar Weed, Celery Harvest – Picking Celery In Your Garden, Christmas Tree Alternative: Decorating An Outdoor Tree For Birds, New Zealand Christmas Tree – My Favorite Christmas Plant, Favorite Garden Toys: Garden-Related Gifts Through The Eyes Of A Gardener, Popular Holiday Plant Info: Fun Facts About Poinsettia. Eggplant starts are the best way to go unless you live in a sunny climate as they will give you a jump start on the growing season. You do not want to pick eggplant before it is ripe. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. Every two seeds should be planted in one pot. Sow one seed per seedling pot about ¼â€ deep. However, those conditions can easily be obtained when growing eggplants in containers. Growing in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 10, eggplants (Solanum melongena) are beloved for their glossy fruit used in cooking. Soil: Eggplants need a moderately rich, well-draining soil. Plant the eggplant at the same level they were in their nursery pots and put a handful of time release fertilizer in the hole at the time of planting. Leave on the skin and cut it into small pieces about a half-inch square. Eggplants growing in a container need different care than plants growing in the ground. It is imp… Modern breeding programs are answering the call of the limited space gardener. Water the pots well and install a small support system, like a tomato cage. Purchase small pots or plastic gardening trays if starting your eggplants from seed. Eggplant from Seed I will be showing how to grow Eggplant aka Aubergine aka Brinjal from seed in containers. You can begin fertilizing once each plant has a set of true leaves, starting with a fish emulsion or kelp solution diluted to one-quarter strength, once a week. Tall plants may need staking or a tomato cage. Eggplants are quite happy in containers or even in 40-litre bags of potting mix with planting slots cut into them. Eggplant seed is slow to germinate and needs at least 2 weeks to germinate under ideal conditions of 20 ° C and relative humidity. Plant one eggplant per container, 2-gallon minimum. Also, consistent watering is key to continued eggplant health. Your eggplant bushes need pots from 12 to 14 inches in diameter. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. Pinch out the terminal growing points for a … Lay it in a single layer in a baking pan. In the heat of the summer, depending on your pot size, that may mean you need to water your plant twice a day or more. It helps to work in several inches of compost or other organic matter before planting. Container grown plants often escape damage, because eggplant flea beetles don’t venture onto decks and patios in search of host plants, and the dark containers help warm the roots on sunny days. If the conditions are too cold, the plants will fail to thrive. It can be white, purple, almost black, bright green, and speckled. You need one pot for every two seeds. Keep the seeds in containers in a dark and warm place until the seeds have sprouted. See to it that the seeds are disease-free. If you intend to transplant your seedlings to the garden, start the seeds 8 to 10 weeks before the last frost date in your area. How to Grow Eggplant Plants Six to eight weeks before the average last frost in your area, begin to sow eggplant seeds indoors. Diligently protect outdoor plants from cold in spring. The varieties include Fairy Tale, Hansel, Gretel, Rosa Bianca, Little Fingers, and Orient Express. 4. If you wish to plant eggplant from seeds be sure to plant 2 seeds in each container, as this will likely ensure at least one will grow. For successful seed germination, a seedling heat mat will ensure soil temperature can be ideally maintained at 80-90F (26-32C). Reapply about 12 weeks later. Choose a large pot with a 5-gallon (18 L.) capacity. Once you decide on the size of your eggplant container, you can opt for a glazed or unglazed surface. The eggplant, related to the tomato, produce bushes that are up to five feet tall and have hairy, coarse foliage. Add a balanced, slow-release fertilizer at planting and then every few weeks during the season, especially when plants start to bloom. Eggplants in pots are as easy to grow as tomatoes in pots. You can also build a bamboo cage or use a coated metal tomato cage. Fill the container with a high quality potting soil that will drain quickly. Eggplants are also good for container growing, with one plant per 5-gallon pot. Your goal is to keep the soil moist, but not soaking wet. Seedlings can be transplanted to the garden in about two months, or they can be grown to maturity in a large container. Eggplants are sun lovers. Eggplant is more warm-growing than tomato and pepper and much more sensitive to low temperatures. This makes eggplant a popular vegetable to grow in containers because you can always move them around for the best view. Baker Creek Heirloom Seeds offer a number of eggplant varieties to try growing yourself. Growing eggplant from seed requires some care, but it is worth the effort because there is a huge variety you can buy in seed form, while nurseries often carry only a few types. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. Clay or plastic pot will be good choices. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the … Growing vegetables in containers, especially eggplants can be the best decision you have ever made, here are ten tips for growing eggplants in a pot: 1) Growing eggplant from seeds in a pot or container can be very easy. These smaller plants provide a means to growing eggplant in containers. How To Grow Herbs Indoors on a Sunny Windowsill, Vegetable Seeds or Seedlings? Increase the time outdoors each day for about one week, then it should be safe to move them outdoors for the growing season. Eggplants, like tomatoes and peppers, are from the nightshade family and prefer warm soil and air. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. To get ahead start on the eggplant growing season, try growing eggplant from seed. If you are growing eggplant in a pot or container, it is also a good idea to use some type of mulch, like straw or wood chips to cover the soil, which helps to keep the soil moist. Remember, the eggplants require a lot of warmth for germination, more than tomatoes and peppers. Growing eggplant in containers is a wonderful way to add more vegetables to your diet. To start eggplant seedlings, you’ll want to plant the seeds between 8 to 10 weeks before you plan to transplant them outside. Unglazed – These containers absorb water, which … This disease is fairly common in traditional garden soil. How to grow eggplant from seed? waiwai08/getty. Keep an eye on the plastic covering. It can be round, long and thin, or pear-shaped. Starting Eggplants from Seeds Ensure you plant up to two seeds in each cell of a seedling tray or directly sow two seeds in each container. Growing Eggplants in Container Pots. If you let the pot dry out too much—sometimes even once—it can mean the end of your dreams for perfect, unmarred fruit. When potting mature seedlings or purchased starts, mix an all-purpose fertilizer into your potting soil at the beginning of the season. Any eggplant suits container growing, but the … To plant the eggplant, fill the container with potting mix and plant in a 6 to 8-inch hole. Although not particular about soil pH, a neutral to slighly acidic (6.5 – 6.8) pH is ideal. Find a Sunny Spot. Eggplant will fall over once loaded with fruit! Do not set pots or containers on cement patios if you live in a hot climate. Nurture your eggplant sprouts for 8 to 10 weeks before moving them to garden or taking them outdoors in permanent containers. Warm Areas: SeptemberTemperate Areas: Late September – October (after frost risk has passed)Cool to Cold Areas: October Look for an area in your yard that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight every day. A good rule of thumb is to pick eggplant when the skin appears glossy and the fruit has a little give when you squeeze it. Unglazed pots dry out more quickly than glazed pots, but they also allow the evaporation of excess moisture. Each eggplant needs 12 to 14 inches to grow in a container. Since some eggplant varieties can grow up to 4-feet high, choose a pot size of at least 5 gallons. How to Grow Eggplant. Eggplant comes in a wide range of sizes, colors, and shapes. Repot eggplant seedlings into larger pots filled with potting soil or the same mix the seeds were germinated in. Eggplant Growing Tips. And, you can get a large harvest from a single plant. Prone to nasty, soil-borne verticillium wilt, this disease should not be a problem if you use a high-quality potting soil. Growing Eggplant in the container, make sure the container is large in size, and filled with soil. For bigger fruits, restrict to five or six per plant. Conclusion. Once the plants start to grow, it is a good idea to stake your eggplants before they get too large. Eggplants are a fantastic vegetable to grow in containers. This ensures adequate nutrients and water retention while encouraging draining of excess moisture. Seedling trays and other containers made of cheap plastic may make it easier to transfer your seedlings into larger pots later on. One the seeds have germinated (typically 7 to 14 days), uncover the container and move it to a sunny window for maximum sun exposure. Eggplants are versatile fruits that belong to the nightshade family along with tomatoes and other fruits. Position the containers up against a north-facing wall to … Eggplants comes in a lot of sizes and color and each one has unique taste and characterisics. Because eggplants are a pretty large vegetable, they need lots of room to grow and spread out. They can be started indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date. Most are heavy, dense fruits on medium to large sized bushes which wouldn’t be appropriate for container grown eggplant. Make sure your container has drainage holes in the bottom, then fill with organic potting soil and compost in a 1-1 ratio. You can plant three eggplants in a 20-inch pot. This could make the plants too … Eggplant needs a fast-draining potting soil, but also one that will not dry out too fast. If you see tiny round holes in the leaves of the plants early in the season, you could have flea beetles, but again, this is not likely to happen with potted plants that use a sterile potting soil. It should have condensation on its underside; if not, mist the soil with water and recover the container. If you choose a 20-inch pot, you can plant three compact eggplant varieties in it. How to Container Grow Eggplant. One of the most important elements of container grown eggplant is the container. Growing Eggplants. The eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a vegetable of tropical origin. Best Type of Container. This is particularly common in eggplants growing in containers. container. of space per plant or three plants can be placed in a 20-inch (50 cm.) Place a few seeds in each cell or pot, and cover gently with 1/4 inch of soil. The eggplants can grow bigger and bushier so the bigger pot is always better. If you remember to water, choose the unglazed pot. Moisten the soil with a spray bottle (the watering must be very gentle until the seeds germinate). In between applying the sustained release fertilizer, feed weekly. If the nights are still frosty, move the containers indoors or into a garage or other protected place. Be sure to stake tall plants or use a cage to keep the plants upright. You can take a clay pot or plastic gardening pots or trays for planting the seeds. Also, eggplant, like tomatoes, are heat lovers. If you have grown this eggplant variety before, do put in … The best medium for container grown eggplant is two parts good quality potting soil and one part sand. So there we have it folks, that was our article on how to grow eggplants in containers. You can choose containers made from different materials, but the terracotta pot is the best. Start the seeds in small pots or cell packs filled with a bagged or homemade seed-starting mix. Aubergine is a tropical fruit that takes some care to grow in the UK or colder climates but is simple in warmer countries so in this video I will include temperatures, growing mediums, containers, and the best way to grow healthy plants. Firm down well. If growing eggplant in containers, stake the stems before the fruit forms. They need large enough containers to support the roots of such a heavy plant, a well draining medium, extra food and consistent water and, of course, the right container. Choose a big container, at least a 5 gallon capacity pot or container. There are so many ways to cook eggplant, really, there is not a best way to cook it. Sign up for our newsletter. You will want to start with a good-sized pot – approximately the size of a 5-gallon bucket. Growing eggplants in the veggie garden can be so rewarding when the time comes to harvest these tasty, versatile plants. You will need to know what kind of eggplant you have planted to know when to harvest it. Water and keep them in a warm and bright place in your home. Checkout: Can you eat Ornamental Peppers?-Myth Buster. End of your eggplant bushes need pots from 12 to 14 inches 30-35. Tomatoes, are heat lovers inches ( 30-35 cm. advantage of the most important elements container. Into your potting soil that will not dry out too much—sometimes even once—it can mean the of! Certified Urban Agriculturist 's happening in and around the garden a big container, make to! 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